BACKGROUND
 
 


The conclusion of the cold war and the subsequent easing of tension among countries brought a new world order veering toward global cooperation in terms of politics, economy and other fields. This, coupled with the rapid advancement in technology, is leading to the “shrinking world” characterized by rapid mobility of persons, money, information, ideas and commodities. The international community, therefore, considers these developments as the key to world peace and stability. However, barely had the world savored the respite from tension when a new unforeseen threat to the security of nations emerged – the phenomenon of transnational crime.

A consensus is emerging to define transnational crime as a crime which has international dimension. Among others, this implies crossing of at least one border before, during or after the fact. Therefore, it is a concern of at least two affected countries that they must jointly address.

The Philippine government was quick to discern the magnitude of the menace and the urgency of the need for a concerted global action against it. During the 6th ASEAN Summit on December 15, 1998, in Hanoi, Vietnam, the Philippines expressed the desire to host the ASEAN Center for Combating Transnational Crime. Such Center shall be the focal point of all coordination and cooperation among ASEAN member countries in combating transnational crime.

 

 
 
POWERS AND FUNCTIONS
 
 

The mandated powers and functions of the Center are as follows:

1. To establish, through the use of modern information and telecommunications technology, a shared central database among government agencies for information on criminals, methodologies, arrests and convictions on the following transnational crimes:

  • Illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances; 
  • Money laundering; 
  • Terrorism; 
  • Arms Smuggling; 
  • Trafficking in Persons; 
  • Piracy; and 
  • Other crimes that have an impact on the stability and security of the country;
 
 

2. To supervise and control the conduct of anti-transnational crime operations of all government agencies and instrumentalities; 

3. To establish a central database on national as well as international legislation and jurisprudence on transnational crime, with the end in view of recommending measures to strengthen responses and provide immediate intervention for the prevention, detection and apprehension of criminals operating in the country;  4. To establish a center for strategic research on the structure and dynamics of transnational crime in all its forms, and predict trends and analyze relationships of given factors for the formulation of individual and collective strategies for the prevention and detection of transnational organized crime and for the apprehension of the criminal elements involved;  5. To design programs and projects aimed at enhancing national capacity-building in combating transnational crime, as well as supporting the related programs and projects of other Asean international centers;  6. To explore and coordinate information exchanges and training with other government agencies, foreign countries and international organizations involved in the combat against transnational crime; and 

7. To perform such functions and carry out such activities as may be directed by the President 

 
 
Executive Order No.100, dated 7 May 1999
 
 

"Strengthening the Operational, Administrative and Information Support System of the PCTC" - This Executive Order sought to strengthen the operational, administrative and information support system and capacity of PCTC by placing the folowing agencies/offices/instrumentalities of under the general supervision and control of the the Center: 

  1. Loop Center of the NACAHT;
  2. INTERPOL NCB-Manila;
  3. Police Attaches of the PNP; and
  4. Political Attaches/Counselors for Security Matters of the DILG. 
 
 
Executive Order No.62 dated January 15, 1999
 
  The mission of the Philippine Center on Transnational Crime (PCTC) is to formulate and implement a concerted program of action of all law enforcement, intelligence and other government agencies for the prevention and control of transnational crime.   
 
Executive Order No. 295
 
  This places all law enforcement task forces and special project groups under the direct supervision and control of the Presidential Anti-Organized Crime Commission (PAOCC).  This Executive Order, in effect, amended Executive Order No. 62 particularly with regard to the provision on the exercise of direct supervision and control over the Center. The PCTC was transferred from the NAPOLCOM to the Presidential Anti-Organized Crime Commission (PAOCC) in order to ensure a focused and coordinated response against all forms of TNCs.

 
 
Executive Order No. 146 dated October 22, 2002
 
  Amending Executive Order No.62, transferring the general supervision and control of the Philippine Center on Transnational Crime to the Office of the National Security Adviser.  
 
Executive Order No. 265 dated January 23, 2004
 
  Creating the Office of the Special Envoy on Transnational Crime consolidating all efforts of inter-agency bodies to ensure the efficacy to combat transnational crime in the country  
 
Executive Order No. 735 dated June 20, 2008
 
 

Placing the Philippine Center on Transnational Crime, Created under Executive Order No. 62 dated January 15, 1999, Under the Department of Interior and Local Government.

In addition to its inherent mission and functions, The Center also serves as the Secretariat of the Executive Council to Suppress Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children as provided in Executive Order No. 220 and the Anti-Fraud Task Force Executive Order No. 331. It has also emerged as an active player in various regional and international initiatives to combat transnational crimes.

 
 
Executive Order No. 35 dated April 11, 2011
 
  Transferring the control and supervision of the Philippine Center on Transnational Crime from the Department of the Interior and Local Government to the Office of the President to enhance the coordination among its departments, bureaus, offices, agencies, and instrumentalities for a “whole of government approach” towards a more efficient, coordinated, collaborative, and synergized effort against organized transnational criminal activity, and to link national efforts with international agencies and institutions directly involved in the global campaign against transnational crimes.

 
 
Command and Control
 
 

The PCTC command and control structure is as follows: 

1. The PCTC is under the Office of the President.

2. The Executive Director has immediate supervision and control over all units of the PCTC. As such, he is authorized to designate duties and functions of all units and personnel of the PCTC. 

3. The Executive Director has direct operational and supervisory authority over personnel and resources detailed with the PCTC.  

 
 
Coordination and Networks
 
 

1. In the pursuance of its mission and functions, the PCTC shall be assisted by the following government agencies and instrumentalities:  

  1. Philippine National Police (PNP); 
  2. National Bureau of Investigation (NBI); 
  3. National Action Committee on Anti-Hijacking and Anti-Terrorism (NACAHT); 
  4. Presidential Anti-Organized Crime Task Force (PAOCTF); 
  5. Presidential Anti-Smuggling Task Force (PASTF); 
  6. National Police Commission (NAPOLCOM); 
  7. Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG); 
  8. Department of Justice (DOJ); 
  9. Department of Finance (DOF); 
10. Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC); 
11. Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB); 
12. National Prosecution Service (NPS); 
13. Bureau of Immigration and Deportation (BID); 
14. Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR); 
15. Bureau of Customs (BOC); 
16. National Intelligence Coordinating Agency (NICA); 
17. Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP); 
18. Land Transportation Office (LTO); 
19. National Telecommunication Commission (NTC); 
20. National Statistics and Census Office (NSCO); and 
21. Other Government Agencies

 
 

 

2. The PCTC shall address the requirement of putting strong and intensified focus against transnational organized crime in the course of the government’s anti-crime campaign.

3. The PNP continues to be the primary general law enforcement agency of the country.

4. The Executive Director, PCTC; the Chief, PNP; and the heads of other concerned government agencies shall undertake close coordination and cooperation to insure synergy in the over-all anti-transnational crime campaign.

5. The Executive Director, PCTC shall endorse attendance to all trainings/conferences/seminars related on transnational crimes (EO 100).  

 
 
PCTC Strategy/Program of Action
 
 

The PCTC has adopted the following strategy and program of action: 

  1. Information exchange with government agencies, foreign countries and international organizations;
  2. Strategic studies research on the structure and dynamics of all forms of transnational crimes and formulate strategies to detect and prevent such crimes and apprehend criminal elements involved;
  3. Law enforcement coordination and operation against all forms of transnational crime in coordination with concerned law enforcement agencies;
  4. Capacity building through formulation and development of community crises management, law enforcement training and staff development.  

 

Directorates' Programs, Activities and Accomplishments
   

     

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